The National Energy Authority, Rannís and eight European Energy Agencies receive a grant of 2 million Euros.
In cooperation with GEORG (Geothermal research group) and Rannis, NEA applied for the GEOTHERMAL ERA-NET grant from the European Commission last winter. Behind the application, are in addition to NEA and Rannis eight institutions from the following eight countries in Europe: The Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Hungary, Turkey and Slovakia. When choosing the countries for the cooperation, the main focus was on objectives regarding the use of geothermal and how their plans would go hand in hand with the goal of the European Union to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide.
The GEOTHERMAL ERA-NET cooperation will last for four years and it is anticipated that the project will eventually support geothermal research in Europe. That could lead to greater cooperation between energy agencies and ministries in Europe and make it possible for them to work on common goals. One of the objectives of GEOTHERMAL ERA NET is to create a European Geothermal Database.
GEOTHERMAL ERA-NET is different from other conventional research projects since in this case the grant is for cooperation and coordination of the research plan of the countries involved but not for direct research. The GEOTHERMAL ERA-NET is the first step towards a coordinated research in the EU through the so-called SET-plan (European Strategic Energy Technology Plan).
The project is divided into seven tasks as described in the picture below:
Statistical facts about geothermal energy in Europe
In Europe today, geothermal energy is only used to produce 1,5 GW of electricity, mainly in Iceland and Italy. However, it is estimated that it is possible to utilize geothermal energy in Europe to the equivalent of 80-100 GWe. The Opportunities are plentiful but the objective of the International Energy Agency is to increase the use of geothermal in electricity production to 3-6 GWe and the use of geothermal to house heating or cooling to 39-60 GWth by the year 2020. The long term goal is to increase the electricity production using geothermal up to 15-30 GWe and the direct use of geothermal for heating or cooling up to 300 GWth.